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Runners guide to pronation

Pronation

Pronation is the amount the foot rolls inwards through contact, midstance and propulsion when running.
This effects the type of shoe you need as running shoes are designed today specifically for pronation patterns.

Neutral Footwear

Neutral Pronation (includes Under Pronation)

This is when the outside part of the heel makes initial contact with the ground, the foot then follows a normal pronation pattern, with minimal inward roll, and comes in complete contact with the ground and can support your body weight efficiently without any problems. The force of the impact with the ground is optimally distributed and the shock is absorbed.

Neutral shoes are recommended as they offer maximum cushioning, support and durability.

Neutral running shoes

Neutral (Cushioning)

Neutral shoes offer maximum cushioning, support and durability. Ideal for underpronators and neutral pronators running all sorts of distances on the track, treadmill and road.

Stability Footwear

Overpronation

This is when the foot rolls in excessively and therefore the foot and ankle have problems stabilising the body, and the shock of the impact with the ground is not absorbed efficiently. In this case much of the weight is transferred to the inner or medial side of the foot, and as the runner moves forward the load is borne by the inner edge rather than the complete foot. This destabilises the foot, which will attempt to regain stability by compensating for the inward movement.

Stability shoes are recommended as they offer a good blend of cushioning, medial support (to limit excessive inward rolling of the foot, which can cause injury) and durability. They provide stability and often have a medial post or dual-density midsole – these are features that provide a firmer density under the inner edge of your foot.

Stability & light stability

Stability (Support/Motion Control) and Light Stability

Stability shoes offer a good blend of cushioning, medial support (to limit excessive inward rolling of the foot, which can cause injury) and durability. They provide stability and often have a medial post or dual-density midsole – these are features that provide a firmer density under the inner edge of your foot. Ideal for overpronators running all sorts of distances on the track, treadmill and road.

Speed & lightweight

Speed/Lightweight (Minimal)

Speed/lightweight shoes are stripped of the majority of the cushioning and stability features found on other types of running shoes. Generally, the lighter the shoe the more minimal the design. Ideal for fast runners or runners running short to medium distances on the track, treadmill and road. Most lightweight shoes are suitable for most foot types.

Trail running shoes

Trail

Trail shoes offer increased outsole traction and uppers with toe guards and reinforced stitching for increased durability. These shoes often have less cushioning than a road shoe because they’re designed for softer surfaces. Ideal for off-road runners, most trail running shoes are suitable for most foot types.

Running Guide
New Balance
Asics
adidas
Under Armour
Nike